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Raw, Whole Food Guide

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Items Are Color Coded to Quickly show Safety Levels: Excellent Choice In Limited Quantities or see note for warnings NOT Safe to Feed
Food Seasonal Can be Frozen? Shelf Life Values Notes
Acai Berry   Yes Medium Per 100 g
Iron - 11.80 mg
Vitamin C - 9.0 mg
Rich in fatty acids, dietary fiber and antioxidants
Apple   No High Per 100 g
Iron - .12 mg
Vitamin C – 4.6 mg
If not organically grown, substitute pears, cantaloupe, kiwi, watermelon, nectarines, honeydew or bananas.
Apricot Yes Yes High Per 100 g
Iron - .39 mg
Vitamin C – 10.0 mg
If not organically grown, substitute nectarines, cantaloupes, and watermelon
Avocado n/a Per 100 g
Iron - .5 mg
Vitamin C – 10.0 mg
Skins and pits are poisonous to birds; flesh ok in small quantities
Banana   No Low Per 100 g
Iron - .26 mg
Vitamin C – 8.7 mg
Fresh, not overly ripe. Mixing with other fruit may spoil other fruit quicker.
Bitter Melon Yes No Medium Per 100 g
Iron - 0.38 mg
Vitamin C – 33.0 mg
Fibrous core
Blackberry Yes Yes Low Per 100 g
Iron - 0.38 mg
Vitamin C – 33.0 mg
Safe if not from Guatemala
Boysenberry Yes Yes Low Per 100 g
Iron - 0.28 mg
Vitamin C – 75 mg
High vitamin C content; use sparingly
Blueberry Yes Yes Low Per 148 g
Iron - .4 mg
Vitamin C – 14.4 mg
One of the best superfoods available to toucans; use domestic blueberries only
Broccoli n/a Not suitable for Toucans
Cantaloupe   No Medium Per 100 g
Iron - .21 mg
Vitamin C – 36.7 mg
Safe if from US, or organically grown; not from Mexico or Guatemala; otherwise substitute papaya, nectarines and watermelon.
Carambola
(Star Fruit)
  No High Per 100 g
Iron – .08 mg Vitamin C – 34.4 mg
Note: in individuals with kidney failure this fruit is dangerous due to oxalic acid. Feed sparingly.
Carrot   Yes High Per 100 g Iron - .30 mg Vitamin C – 5.9 mg Safe if not from Mexico
Casaba, Crenshaw, Canary, Melon Yes No Medium Per 100 g
Iron – .34 mg Vitamin C – 21.8 mg
Safe is grown in US or organic, otherwise substitute other melons
Cauliflower n/a Not suitable for Toucans
Cherry
Yes Yes Medium Per 100 g
Iron - .4 mg
Vitamin C – 7 mg
Safe if organically grown or from US; If from Chile, substitute blueberries, raspberries, watermelon and kiwis
Coconut   No High Per 100 g
Iron – 2.43 mg Vitamin C – 3.3 mg
Feed in small quantities due to fiber content.
Corn n/a Not suitable for Toucans
Cranberry   Yes High Per 100 g
Iron – .3 mg
Vitamin C – 13.3 mg
Do not feed whole; High in antioxidants
Cucumber   No Medium Per 100 g
Iron – 0.28 mg Vitamin C – 2.8 mg
Should be peeled
Dragon Fruit / Pitaya   No Medium Per 100 g
Iron – 0.3-0.7 mg Vitamin C – 4-25 mg
Must be peeled; rich in phytoalbumins which are prized for their antioxidant properties. Also good source of calcium and phosphorus.
Fig Yes No Low Per 100 g
Iron - .37 mg
Vitamin C – 2.0 mg
Very seasonal; great austerity fruit. Feed fresh only.
Grape Yes Yes Medium Per 100 g
Iron - .36 mg
Vitamin C – 10.8
Do not use if grown in South America (Chile). Buy organic. Seedless preferred.
Grapefruit n/a Citrus not suitable for Toucans
Strawberry Guava Yes No Medium Per 100 g
Iron - .2 mg
Vitamin C – 37 mg
Do not use if grown in Chile. Avoid common guava. High in vitamin C
Honey Dew   No Medium Per 100 g
Iron - .17 mg
Vitamin C – 18 mg
Great fruit for daily use; moisture-rich
Kaki / Persimmon   No Low Per 100 g
Iron – 0.15 mg Vitamin C – 7.5 mg
Purchase astringent type. Do not feed peel. Very high in tannins if fed before soft.
Kiwi   Yes Medium Per 100 g
Iron .31 - .41 mg Vitamin C 71 - 92.7 mg
Safe if not from Chile. Do not feed fuzzy skin. Values change dependent upon if fruit was held in storage.
Lemon n/a Citrus not suitable for Toucans
Lettuce & Other
Leafy Greens
  No Low Per 100 g
Iron - .97 mg
Vitamin C – 24 mg
Use sparingly; 1-2 times per week
Lime n/a Citrus not suitable for Toucans
Lychees (Litchis) Yes No Medium Per 100 g
Iron –.3 mg
Vitamin C – 72 mg
Use sparingly; very high Vitamin C
Mango n/a Per 100 g
Iron - .1 mg
Vitamin C – 27.7 mg
Moderately rich in
Vitamin C
Mangosteen Fruit Yes No Medium Per 100 g
Iron – 0.17 mg Vitamin C – 7.2 mg
Do not feed the rind, only the white inner fruit.
Mulberry Yes Yes Low Per 100 g
Iron – 1.9 mg Vitamin C – 36.4 mg
Skin contains resveratrol which is a phytoalexin a type of plant antibiotic
Nectarine Yes Yes Medium Per 100 g
Iron - .28 mg
Vitamin C – 5.4 mg
High in tannins; great choice for daily use
Nuts n/a Not suitable for Toucans
Orange n/a Citrus not suitable for Toucans
Palm Fruit   No Medium   Rare and difficult to find. High in omega fatty acids
Papaya   No Low Per 100 g
Iron - .10 mg
Vitamin C – 61.8 mg
Rich in Vitamin C. Overuse not recommended.
Passion Fruit Yes No Medium Per 100 g
Iron – 1.6 mg Vitamin C – 30 mg
Source of phytonutrients, antioxidants; feed inside,
not peel
Peach Yes Yes Medium Per 100 g
Iron - .25 mg
Vitamin C – 6.6 mg
Unless organically grown, substitute nectarines, watermelon, and kiwis.
Pear   No Medium Per 100 g
Iron .17 mg
Vitamin C – 4.2 mg
Great for daily use; some varieties may ripen faster than others, look for organically grown
Peas   Yes High Per 100 g
Iron – 1.53
Vitamin C – 18 mg
Defrost before feeding; use in small quantities; buy organic
Pepino Melon Yes No Medium   Moisture rich
Pineapple n/a Highly acidic
Not suitable for Toucans
Plantain   Yes Low Per 100 g
Iron - .6 mg
Vitamin C – 18.4 mg
Also known as cooking banana; green plantains must be cooked, ripe black plantains can be fed raw
Plum Yes No Medium Per 100 g
Iron - .17 mg
Vitamin C – 9.t mg
Great choice for daily use when domestic available
Pomegranate Yes Yes Medium Per 100 g
Iron - .30 mg
Vitamin C – 6.1 mg
Great for dietary enrichment; austerity food
Raspberry Yes Yes Low Per 100 g
Iron - .7mg
Vitamin C – 26.2 mg
Difficult to keep; may feed defrosted use organic
Seeds n/a Not suitable for Toucans
Strawberry Yes Yes Low Per 100 g
Iron - .41 mg
Vitamin C – 58.5 mg
Unless organically grown, substitute blueberries, raspberries, watermelon and kiwis
Sweet Potato   No High Per 100 g
Iron - .69 mg
Vitamin C - 19.6
Bake or steam, remove skin, cut in small cubes
Tamarillo Yes Yes Low Per 100 g
Vitamin C - 15.0-42.0 mg
Iron - 0.3-0.9 mg
Half fruit and scoop out flesh; Tangy & mildly sweet; Can be high in Vitamin C
Tangerine n/a Citrus not suitable for Toucans
Tomato n/a Not suitable for Toucans
Watermelon Yes No Medium Per 100 g
Iron - .24mg
Vitamin C – 8.1 mg
Moisture rich; use in smaller quantities
Winter Squash (Acorn, Hubbard, Butternut, etc.) Yes No Long Per 100 g
Iron - .60 mg
Vitamin C - 11.0 - 28.0 mg
Moisture rich; use in smaller quantities; good source of Vitamin A, manganese, potassium and beta carotene

Special notes:

We recommend washing all fruit thoroughly, whether organic or conventional, in a 25%-50% mixture of Veggie Wash © and cool water. For most fruits, soaking them in this mixture for 5-10 minutes followed by a quick scrubbing and rinsing will clean produce sufficiently.

Diced fruit may be placed in a sealed container for up to 5-7 days to minimize daily effort.

For birds 1-6 months of age, we recommend two feedings of 1 cup each daily which is sufficient for most aracaris.

For birds over 6 months of age, we recommend the fruit mixture daily but one feeding of 2 cups which is sufficient with additional enrichment as one sees fit.

For training and reinforcement, halved blueberries are usually suitable or quartered (domestic) grapes. Cubes of cantaloupe or honeydew melon have also been used successfully and are easy to manage during sessions.

For breeding birds, we recommend adding more greens to the diet when parents are feeding chicks. We also recommend adding a second feeding to the daily regimen to be sure fresh food is always available to parent birds. Live food in the form of medium-sized crickets and/or waxworms may also be provided to breeding birds, especially in the first week of chick feeding.

Supplements that are appropriate include coconut oil, a fantastic source of medium chain triglycerides (MCTs) which is a bioavailable source of energy. We also use decaffeinated black tea sprinkled on food every other day which contains tannins that block the absorption of iron by the liver, therefore preventing hemochromatosis, or iron storage disease, a disorder common to toucans, mynahs, starlings, and some related taxa. We also strongly propose the brewing of teas for additional health benefits. You can read more about tea blends for birds here.

Compiled by: Andersen, F., Crean, J., Shaheen, D., Stewart, D., Stewart, E.